The number of elderly women is relatively more than older men. This can be seen from the population data in various countries, including in Indonesia. In addition to being more numerous in population, health problems that can be experienced by elderly women are also not small. Anything?
Keep in mind, women generally have a longer life expectancy (life expectancy) than men. On average, women can be up to 81 years old, while men are 76 years old. This is due to a protective factor in a woman’s body, the hormone estrogen, which functions to protect blood vessels and prevent various diseases.
However, long life is not always directly proportional to health conditions. Increasing age actually increases the risk of elderly women attacked by various diseases. Moreover, at the age of more than 55 years, the hormone estrogen will decrease because women begin to enter menopause. This makes a woman’s body defense weakened from time to time.
Health problems that can be experienced by elderly women
Of the many health problems that can occur in an elderly group, here are some of the most lurking elderly women:
Osteoporosis is a condition of reduced bone density, because the body is no longer able to regulate the balance of minerals in the bone. As a result of this condition, bones become brittle and break easily.
Osteoporosis is most common in elderly women. The data even states that almost 75 percent of sufferers are women.
Osteoporosis gives general symptoms of fractured and easily broken bones and shortened posture. If this is experienced by elderly women, the doctor will check the level of bone density to ensure the presence or absence of osteoporosis. Later, this disease will be treated by giving calcium supplements, hormone therapy, and regular physical activity to maintain bone strength.
Diabetes or diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is often experienced by the elderly. Data in Indonesia shows that diabetes is more experienced by women than men.
This condition, which is often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by rising blood sugar levels. Classic symptoms experienced by sufferers such as feeling easy to feel hungry and thirsty, frequent urination, and drastic weight loss for no apparent reason.
In the elderly, diabetes will usually cause complications such as blurred vision, pins and needles or numbness (numbness), and kidney disorders.
One of the highest causes of death in the world is heart disease. This condition is divided into several types, such as coronary heart disease, heart attacks, heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmias), and heart failure.
In general, symptoms of heart disease include shortness of breath, chest palpitations, chest pain on the left spreading to the arms, and loss of consciousness. If heart failure has occurred, the sufferer will experience swelling in the legs.
Handling of heart disease is quite complex and depends on the type and cause. For that, the elderly who have this disease must be routinely controlled by a doctor.
Old age is synonymous with calcification and inflammation of the joints. Health problems with the medical name of arthritis are most common in women, especially over the age of 55 years.
Joint inflammation or better known as rheumatism is characterized by joints that feel stiff, difficult to move, appear swollen and reddish. Generally, the affected joints are the knee joints and fingers.
Treatment of this disease depends on the type. The type of treatment that is usually applied is the administration of anti-inflammatory or painkillers, and compresses on swollen joints.
Breast cancer is one of the malignancies that are often experienced by women, in addition to ovarian cancer and cervical cancer. This deadly disease is related to genetics. In other words, someone born into a family with breast cancer has a higher risk of experiencing the same condition.
Early symptoms of breast cancer are lumps in the breast that are hard and getting bigger over time, pain, breast nipples appear to come in, and the presence of pus-like fluid or blood coming out of the nipple.
Her “unique” body condition makes elderly women vulnerable to various health problems. In order to avoid these conditions, elderly men and women are encouraged to maintain their body condition by disciplining healthy eating patterns, avoiding fast foods that are high in sugar and salt, exercising regularly, maintaining ideal body weight, getting enough sleep, and regular health checks. That way, even though they are elderly, the days spent will not last in vain.